:

:

 

16 2008 . N 18-

 

,

,

,

 

-06-2008

 

, , , ().

, , , () ISO 9000, ISO 17000.

 

1.

 

, , , ( - ).

, , ISO 9000, 17000, 19000, 9000-2001, / 17011-2008, / 17025-2006, 19011-2003, .

(ISO/IEC 17000:2004, / 17011-2008) .

, (ISO/IEC 17020:1998, ISO/IEC 17021:2006, ISO/IEC 17024:2003, / 17025-2006, ISO/IEC Guide 65:1996), .

, , , .

( 9000-2001, 19011-2003) .

 

2.

 

- ,

,

-

-

- -

-

- ()

-

-

- ()

-

-

- ( ,

)

,

,

-

-

-

-

( , )

,

,

- .

 

3.

 

- #
# <1> ,
#
#,
##

# # (. 5.6
ISO/IEC 17000:2004)
--------------------------------
<1> /-

Accreditation - third-party
#attestation# related to a
#conformity assessment body#
conveying formal demonstration
of its #competence# to carry out
specific #conformity assessment#
tasks (p. 5.6 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)


- ##
## (. 3.13
/ 17011-2008)

Extending accreditation - #process#
of enlarging the scope of
#accreditation# (p. 3.13 ISO/IEC
17011:2004)

- , -
,
, ##


(. 3.8.7 9000-2001)

Review - activity undertaken to
determine the suitability, adequacy
and #effectiveness# of the subject
matter to achieve established
objectives (p. 3.8.7 ISO 9000:2005)

-
#
# #
#
,
(. 6.4 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)


.

-


,
(
)
(. 3.6
/ 17011-2008)

Appeal - request by the provider of
the object of conformity assessment
to the #conformity assessment body#
or #accreditation body# for
reconsideration by that body of
a decision it has made relating
to that object (p. 6.4 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

Comment. Within the framework of
the procedure of assessing and
accrediting conformity assessment
bodies appeal - request by
a conformity assessment body for
reconsideration of any adverse
decision made by the accreditation
body related to its desired
accreditation status (p. 3.6 ISO/IEC
17011:2004)

-
## ,
##
(. 3.4
/ 17011-2008)

.
,

,
,

Accreditation certificate - formal
#document# or a set of documents,
stating that #accreditation# has
been granted for the defined scope
(p. 3.4 ISO/IEC 17011:2004)

()
-

## -
##

#
# (10) -
()

Certification of personnel in the
field of non-destructive test -
process of confirmation by the
independent body of #qualification#
and conformity of candidate's
#competence# to the requirements
of Rules for Personnel Certification
in the Field of Non-Destructive Test
(10) relating to certain kind
(method) of non-destructive test
in the relevant certification scope

-


Certification of laboratory -
activity of confirmation of
laboratory conformity to the
specified requirements

- ,
##
##,

## -

# #
(. 4.4 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)


. ""
,
""
,


.
,

,
,
.
,
" ",
-
.

-
. ,
,

,
(. 3.1,
1 19011-2003)

Audit - systematic, independent,
documented #process# for obtaining
#records#, statements of fact or
other relevant #information# and
assessing them objectively to
determine the extent to which
#specified requirements# are
fulfilled (p. 4.4 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

Note. Whilst "audit" applies to
management systems, "assessment"
applies to conformity assessments
bodies as well as more generally


Comment. Within the framework of
the Unified System of Conformity
Assessment at the Facilities
Supervised by the Federal
Environmental, Industrial and
Nuclear Supervision Service of
Russia only internal audits are
reviewed.
Internal audits, sometimes called
"first-party audit", are usually
conducted either by the organization
itself or, on its behalf, for
internal purposes, and may serve
basis for declaring conformity
(p. 3.1 note 1 to ISO 19011:2002)

- , #-
# ##
(. 3.8 19011-2003)


.
,

,
, - ,

Auditor - person with the
demonstrated personal attributes and
#competence# to conduct an #audit#
(p. 3.8 ISO 19011:2002)

Comment. Within the framework of
the Unified System of Conformity
Assessment at the Facilities
Supervised by the Federal
Environmental, Industrial and
Nuclear Supervision Service of
Russia - a person of competence
for conducting internal audits

-
##,
##, -
# #
(. 3.9 19011-2003)

Audit team - one or more #auditors#
conducting an #audit#, supported if
needed by the #technical experts#
(p. 3.9 ISO 19011:2002)

- #
#,

(. 3.15
/ 17011-2008)

Lead assessor - #assessor# who
is given the overall responsibility
for specified assessment activities
(p. 3.15 ISO 17011:2004)

() - -
#
# #
# (. 3.4
19011-2003)

Audit conclusion - outcome of an
audit provided bv the #audit team#
after consideration of the #audit
objectives# and all #audit findings#
(p. 3.4 ISO 19011:2002)

-
, -

##
(. 3.2.7 9000-2001)

Top management - person or group of
people who directs and controls an
#organization# at the highest level
(p. 3.2.7 ISO 9000:2005)


-
,
##,
,
(. 2.3 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

. -
,
,
, ,
,
,

, ,

Second-party conformity assessment
activity - conformity assessment
activity that is performed by the
person or #organization# that has
a user interest in the object
(p. 2.3 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)


Note. Persons or organizations
performing second-party conformity
assessment activities include, for
example, purchasers or users of
products, or potential customers
seeking to rely on a supplier's
management system, or organizations
representing those interests


-
,
##,
(. 2.2
ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

First-party conformity assessment
activity - conformity assessment
activity that is performed by the
person or #organization# that
provides the object (p. 2.2 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)


-
# #,
, -
##,
, -
,
(. 2.4 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Third-party conformity assessment
activity - #conformity assessment#
activity that is performed by a
person or body that is independent
of the person or #organization# that
provides the object, and of user
interests in that object
(p. 2.4 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

- ## -
(: ##,
-
, , ,
, ) (. 3.7.2
9000-2001)

: 1.
, ,
,
,
.
2.
""

Document - #information# and its
supporting medium (example:
#record#, specification, procedure
document, drawing, report, standard)
(p. 3.7.2 ISO 9000:2005)


Note: 1. The medium can be paper,
magnetic, electronic or optical
computer disc, photograph or master
sample, or combination thereof.
2. A set of documents is frequently
called "documentation"

- . ""

Documentation - see "Document"

(
) -
# #
##
## (. 2.9 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Access (access to a system or
scheme) - opportunity for an
applicant to obtain #conformity
assessment# under the rules of
the #systems# or #scheme#
(p. 2.9 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)


, -
,

( ), -
##, , , ,
, ,

## () #
#
# -
# ,

Unified System of Conformity
Assessment at the Facilities
Supervised by the Federal
Environmental, Industrial and
Nuclear Supervision Service of
Russia (Unified System) - aggregate
of #participants#, norms, rules,
methods, conditions, criteria and
procedures within framework of which
#accreditation# (certification) of
#conformity assessment bodies# and
#conformity assessment# activity are
performed at the facilities and
in the organizations supervised
by Rostechnadzor

- ,
##
# #,


# #
(. 3.9
/ 17011-2008)

Complaint - expression of
dissatisfaction by any person or
#organization# to a #conformity
assessment body# or #accreditation
body#, relating to the activities
of that body, where a response is
expected (p. 6.5 ISO 17000/IEC:2004,
p. 3.9 ISO/IEC 17011:2004)

-

(. 3.1 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

.

, , ,

Specified requirements - need
or expectation that is stated
(p. 3.1 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Note. Specified requirements may be
stated in normative documents such
as regulations, standards and
technical specifications

- ,

## (. 3.14
/ 17011-2008)

.
, -
; -
,

Interested parties - parties with
a direct or indirect interest in
#accreditation# (p. 3.14 ISO/IEC
17011:2004)

Note. Direct interest refers to
the interest of those who undergo
accreditation; indirect interest
refers to the interests of those who
use or rely on accredited conformity
assessment services

- ##,

# #(9)

Customer - #organization# making
an application for #conformity
assessment# (9)

-
, -
# #

# # (. 3.5
19011-2003)

Audit findings - results of the
evaluation of the collected #audit
evidence# against #audit criteria#
(p. 3.5 ISO 19011:2002)


- ##,



[9]

Examination conclusion - #document#
containing substantiated conclusions
on compliance or non-compliance
of the examination object with
requirements of industrial safety
[9]

- ##,
-

(. 3.7.6 9000-2001)

Record - #document# stating results
achieved or providing evidence of
activities performed (p. 3.7.6 ISO
9000:2005)

() -
##,
##
#
#

Applicant (of accreditation) -
#organization# which applying for
#accreditation# and has presented
the written application about it
in the #Accreditation body#

- , -



-
(. 3.5
/ 17011-2008)

.


Accreditation symbol - symbol issued
by an #accreditation body# to be
used by accredited #conformity
assessment bodies# to indicate their
accredited status (p. 3.5 ISO/IEC
17011:2004).


Comment. Accreditation symbols of
the Accreditation Body

-
(. 3.7.1 9000-2001)

Information - meaningful data
(p. 3.7.1 ISO 9000:2005)

-
,
,


## (. 3.18
/ 17011-2008)

.


, :

,
;
,
;
-
(-
, ,

, ,
);

(,
)

Surveillance - set of activities,
except reassessment, to monitor the
continued fulfillment by accredited
conformity assessment bodies of
requirements for #accreditation#
(p. 3.18 ISO/IEC 17011:2004)


Note. Surveillance includes both
surveillance on-site assessments and
other surveillance activities, such
as:
enquiries from the accreditation
body to the conformity assessment
body on aspects concerning the
accreditation;
reviewing the declarations of the
conformity assessment body with
respect to what is covered by the
accreditation;
requests to the conformity
assessment body to provide documents
and records (e.g. audit reports,
results of internal quality control
for verifying the validity of
conformity assessment body services,
complaints records, management
review records);
monitoring the performance of the
conformity assessment body (such
as results of participating in
proficiency testing)

() -
# #,
#-
# ##: , ,
-
, ,
-
##

Inspection organization (IO) -
a #conformity assessment body#
accredited for #review# and
#assessment# of: products, processes
and equipment for the facilities
supervised by Rostechnadzor as well
as of organizational-technical
preparedness of the #organizations#

- ,
## (ISO/IEC
17020:1998)

.

.
, EN
45020:1993

Inspection body - body, that
performs #inspection# (ISO/IEC
17020:1998)

Note. A body can be an organization,
or part of an organization.
For
other definitions those given in
EN 45020:1993 are applicable

-
()



,
() (5)

Tests - experimental determination
of quantitative and (or) qualitative
characteristics of the test object's
attributes as a result of impact on
it, while its functioning, when
simulating an object and (or) impact
(5)

() -
# #,

##

Test laboratory (TL) (including
non-destructive test laboratories) -
#conformity assessment body#,
accredited for performing #tests#

-
,

Test equipment - test facility being
a technical device (hardware) for
simulating test conditions

- ,
-
,
#
()# (. 3.2 ISO/IEC
17024:2003)

Candidate - applicant who has
fulfilled specified prerequisites,
allowing the participation in the
#certification process#
(p. 3.2 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

-
##
(. 3.1.1 9000-2001)

Quality - degree to which a set
of inherent characteristics fulfils
#requirements# (p. 3.1.1 ISO
9000:2005)


-
##,
, , -

# #
() -


Qualification certificate on
non-destructive test - #document#
issued by the independent body
certifying specialist's competence
to conduct #non-destructive testing#
with one or several non-destructive
methods in a certain certification
field according to assigned
qualification level

-
,
##

Qualification exam - procedure of
evaluating candidates' knowledge,
experience and skills in the
declared scope

-
, ,
()
(. 3.11 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

Qualification - demonstration
of personal attributes, education,
training and/or work experience
(p. 3.11 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

-
- -
: ,
,
,

# #

Qualification in the field
of non-destructive testing -
fulfillment of certain requirements:
education, professional experience,
expertise allowing specialist
to professionally perform
#non-destructive testing#

-


(. 3.14 19011-2003)

Competence - demonstrated personal
attributes and demonstrated ability
to apply knowledge and expertise
(p. 3.14 ISO 19011:2002)

- -

# #,
## (. 3.11
/ 17011-2008)

:


;


;

,

/

;



Consultancy - participation in any
of the activities of a #conformity
assessment body# subject to
#accreditation# (p. 3.11 ISO/IEC
17011:2004)

Examples:
preparing or producing manuals or
procedures for a conformity
assessment body;
participating in the operation
or management of the system of
a conformity assessment body;
giving specific advice or specific
training towards the development
and implementation of the management
system and/or competence of
a conformity assessment body;
giving specific advice or specific
training for the development and
implementation of the operational
procedures of a conformity
assessment body

-

, -
,
(. 3.8.2
9000-2001)

Inspection - conformity evaluation
by observation and judgement
accompanied as appropriate by
measurement, testing or gauging
(p. 3.8.2 ISO 9000:2005)

-
, , ,




(ISO/IEC 17020:1998)

: 1.
,
, .
2. -

Inspection - examination of a
product design, product, service,
process or plant, and determination
of their conformity with specific
requirements or, on the basis of
professional judgment, general
requirements (ISO/IEC 17020:1998)

Note: 1. Inspection of processes
includes personnel, facilities,
technology and methodology.
2. The results of inspection maybe
used to support certification

- ,

##

(. 3.6.5
9000-2001)

.

,
-

Corrective action - action to
eliminate the cause of a detected
#nonconformity# or other undesirable
situation (p. 3.6.5 ISO 9000:2005)



Note. Corrective action is taken
to prevent recurrence whereas
preventive action is taken
to prevent occurrence

- ,

## (. 3.6.6
9000-2001)

Correction - action to eliminate
a detected #nonconformity# (p. 3.6.6
ISO 9000:2005)

- ,
#
#,

Accreditation criteria -
requirements, which #conformity
assessment body# must fulfill to be
accredited

-
##, ## #-
# (. 3.2 19011-2003)

.

Audit criteria - set of #policies#,
#procedures# or #requirements#
(p. 3.2 ISO 19011:2002).

Note. Audit criteria are used as
a reference against which audit
evidence is compared

( , ,
) - ,
#
# (ISO 17020:1998)

Independence criteria (type , , )
- requirements, which #expert
organization# shall meet
(ISO 17020:1998)

-
, #
#
(. 3.3 /
17011-2008)

.


Accreditation body logo - logo used
by an #accreditation body# to
identify itself
(p. 3.3 ISO/IEC 17011:2004)


Comment.
Accreditation Body's logo

-

##
(. 3.2.6 9000-2001)

Management - coordinated activities
to direct and control an
#organization# (p. 3.2.6 ISO
9000:2005)

- -

##
##
(. 3.2.8 9000-2001)

.



, ,
,

Quality management - coordinated
activities to direct and control an
#organization# in terms of #quality#
(p. 3.2.8 ISO 9000:2005)


Note. Direction and control with
regard to quality generally include
establishment of the quality policy
and quality objectives, quality
control, quality assurance and
quality improvement

- -
##, -
,
,
, ,


,

, ,

(5)

Test procedure - organizational-
methodic mandatory #document#
including test method, test
facilities and conditions, sampling,
algorithms of performing operations
on selecting one or several
correlated characteristics
of object's attributes, forms
of submitting data and assessing
accuracy, reliability of results,
safety and environmental
requirements (5)

- #
#,
#
#
# #
(. 3.21 / 17011-2008)

Witnessing - observation of the
#conformity assessment body#
carrying out #conformity assessment
services#
within its #scope of accreditation#
(p. 3.21 ISO/ IEC 17011:2004)

-
() -
#
#,

, ,
/
( )

Independent certification methodical
center (ICMC) - accredited
#conformity assessment body# that
performs services in the field of
preparation of heads and
specialists, who are a subject
certification, and/or of vocational
training (assignment of
qualification) of basic trades
workers



() - #
#,

# #

Independent body for certification
of laboratory (IBCL) - a #conformity
assessment body# accredited for
certification of #non-destructive
test# laboratories



# # () -
# #,


# #

Independent body for certification
of non-destructive test mandatory
#documents# (IBCM) - a #conformity
assessment body# accredited for
certification of mandatory documents
in the field of #non-destructive
test#


() () -
# #, -
-

Independent body for certification
of personnel (IBCP) - a #conformity
assessment body# accredited for
certification of personnel in the
field of testing



() - #
#,

# #

Independent body for certification
of non-destructive test facilities
(IBCF) - a #conformity assessment
body# accredited for certification
of #non-destructive# test facilities


() () -
# #,

# #, -

,

Independent body for expert
certification (ICB) - a #conformity
assessment body#, accredited for
conducting #certification# of
#experts conducting# examination of
building and industrial safety as
well as certification of products
and management systems

() -
,

,

Non-destructive test (NDT) - testing
non affecting integrity and
serviceableness of technical
devices, buildings and structures

-
## (. 3.6.2
9000-2001)

Nonconformity - non-fulfilment
of a #requirement#
(p. 3.6.2 ISO 9000:2005)

-
# #,
,
## ##
(. 3.2.11
9000-2001)

Quality assurance - part of #quality
management# focused on providing
confidence that #quality
requirements# will be fulfilled
(p. 3.2.11 ISO 9000:2005)

-
,
##
(. 3.17 /
17011-2008)

Scope of accreditation - specific
conformity assessment services for
which #accreditation# is sought or
has been granted (p. 3.17 ISO/IEC
17011:2004)


-
##,

,
()

Scope of accreditation of test
laboratory - aggregate of #testing
activities# such laboratory is
competent to perform depending upon
kinds of technical devices,
buildings and structures and (or)
tests

(
) -

,

# #
[10]

Scope of accreditation (of a
specialist on non-destructive test)
- sphere of activity of a specialist
on testing specific objects
determined by the rules for
personnel certification in the field
of #non-destructive test# [10]

-

,
(. 5.3
ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Scope of attestation - range
or characteristics of object
of conformity assessment covered
by attestation (p. 5.3 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

- -
, -
, ,
, -

;
;
,
;

,

[5]

Objects of industrial safety
examination: design forms and
specifications for construction,
expansion, reconstruction,
modernization, deactivation and
abandonment of a hazardous
production facility; buildings and
structures at a hazardous production
facility; technical devices used at
a hazardous production facility;
industrial safety declarations and
other documents pertaining to
operation of a hazardous production
facility [5]

- ,

- (. 3.8.1
9000-2001)

. -

, ,

Objective evidence - data supporting
the existence or verity of something
(p. 3.8.1 ISO 9000:2005)


Note. Objective evidence may be
obtained through observation,
measurement, test, or other means

-
, ##
(. 3.2 / 17011-2008)


.

( ,
) - ,
, ##
###
#,
# #
,

##

Accreditation body - authoritative
<1> body that performs
#accreditation# (p. 3.2 ISO/IEC
17011:2004)

Comment. Within the framework of the
Unified System Accreditation Body
(Coordinating Body, Central Body) -
an authorized body exercising
review, #assessment#, and arranging
accreditation of #conformity
assessment bodies#, #surveillance#
of the accredited bodies as well as
coordination of activities of all
participants to the #accreditation#
procedure

() -
, #
#,
## (. 3.10
/ 17011-2008)


.

, -
,
,

: ,

(),
(); (-
) , :

() (),

() ()
--
();
, :
()

();
()

Conformity assessment body (CAB) -
body that performs #conformity
assessment# services and that can be
the object of #accreditation#
(p. 3.10 ISO/IEC 17011:2004,
. 2.5
ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Comment. Conformity assessment
bodies in the field of industrial
safety, safety of hydraulic
engineering structures,
environmental safety, safety of
electric energy and construction
facilities comprise: inspection
bodies including expert
organizations (EOs), inspection
organizations (IOs); independent
bodies for certification of
personnel (IBCPs), independent
bodies for experts certification
(ICBs) and independent
certification-methodical centers
(ICMCs); certification bodies
comprising: product certification
bodies (PCBs) and management systems
certification bodies (MSCBs); test
laboratories (TLs)


() - #
#,

Product Certification Body (PCB) -
a #conformity assessment body#
accredited for certification
of products


() - #
#,

,

, #
#,
.

Management systems certification
body (MSCB) - a #conformity
assessment body# accredited for
certification of different
industrial safety management
systems, #quality management
systems#, environmental management
systems, etc.

() -
# #,

Services certification body (SCB) -
a #conformity assessment body#
accredited for certification
of services

-

,
(: ,
, , ,
,
,
, ,
)
(. 3.3.1 9000-2001)

Organization - group of people and
facilities with an arrangement of
responsibilities, authorities, and
relationships (for example, company,
corporation, firm, enterprise,
institution, charity, sole trader,
association, or parts or combination
thereof) (p. 3.3.1 ISO 9000:2005)

- -
,

(. 3.3.2 9000-2001)

: 1. -


.
2. -


Organizational structure -
arrangement of responsibility,
authorities and relationship between
people (p. 3.3.2 ISO 9000:2005)

Note: 1. A formal expression of the
organizational structure is often
provided in a quality manual.
2. The scope of the organizational
structure can include relevant
interfaces to external organizations

-

# #
## (. 4.1 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

Sampling - provision of a sample
of the object of #conformity
assessment#, according to
a #procedure# (p. 4.1 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

-

## (. 3.20 /
17011-2008)

Withdrawing accreditation - process
of terminating #accreditation#
in full (p. 3.20 ISO 17011:2004)

- ##,

##,
##
(. 3.8 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

Evaluation - #process# that assesses
a person's fulfillment of the
requirements of the #scheme# leading
to the decision on #certification#
(p. 3.8 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

- ,
# #
###
#
() ()
/
# -
# (. 3.7 /
17011-2008)

Assessment - process undertaken by
an #accreditation body# to assess
the #competence# of a #conformity
assessment body#, based on
particular standard(s) and/or other
normative documents and for a
defined #scope of accreditation#
(p. 3.7 ISO/IEC 17011:2004)

-
, # #
##, , ,
(. 2.1
ISO/IEC 17000:2004)


: 1.

, ,
,

.
2. " -
" ""
,
, , ,
, ,

Conformity assessment -
demonstration that #specified
requirements# relating to a
#product#, process, system, person
or body are fulfilled
(p. 2.1 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Note: 1. The subject field or
conformity assessment includes
activities defined such as testing,
inspection and certification,
as well as the accreditation of
conformity assessment bodies.
2. The expression "subject of
conformity"/"subject" is used to
encompass any particular material,
product, installation, process,
system, person or body to which
conformity assessment is applied


- ,
# #
,

Personnel in the field of non-
destructive test - specialists
admitted to conduct #non-destructive
testing# of technical devices,
buildings and structures at
hazardous production facilities

-
##
(. 3.12 19011-2003)

Audit plan - description of the
activities and arrangements for
an #audit# (p. 3.12 ISO 19011:2002)

-
# #,
#
#
##
##
#
# (. 3.2.9
9000-2001)

Quality planning - part of #quality
management# focused on setting
#quality objectives# and specifying
necessary operational processes and
related resources to fulfill the
#quality objectives3 (p. 3.2.9 ISO
9000:2005)

-
,
## ,
# #
(. 5.2 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)


.
, -
.

-

Attestation - issue of a statement,
based on a decision following
#review#, that fulfillment of
#specified requirements# has been
demonstrated (p. 5.2 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

Note. The resulting statement
conveys the assurance that the
specified requirements have been
fulfilled. Such an assurance does
not, of itself, afford contractual
or other legal guarantees

-

## ##,
#
# (. 3.2.4
9000-2001)

Quality policy - overall intentions
and direction of an #organization#
related to #quality# as formally
expressed by #top management#
(p. 3.2.4 ISO 9000:2005)

-

##
(. 3.2.13 9000-2001)

Continual improvement - recurring
activity to increase the ability
to fulfill #requirements#
(p. 3.2.13 ISO 9000:2005)

- ##
, ## (-
: , ,
, ,
, )
(. 3.3.5 9000-2001)

.

Customer - #organization# or person
that receives a #product# (consumer,
client, end-user, retailer,
beneficiary and purchaser)
(p. 3.3.5 ISO 9000:2005)


Note. A customer can be internal
or external to the organization

- ,

##

(. 3.6.4
9000-2001)

Preventive action - action to
eliminate the cause of a potential
#nonconformity# or other undesirable
potential situation (p. 3.6.4 ISO
9000:2005)

-
##
##,

(. 3.19 / 17011-2008)

Suspending accreditation - #process#
of temporarily making
#accreditation# invalid, in full
or for part of the scope of
accreditation (p. 3.19 ISO/IEC
17011:2004)

-


(. 4.2 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

Testing - determination of one or
more characteristics of an object
of conformity assessment, according
to a procedure (p. 4.2 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

-
##,


(. 3.11
19011-2003)

. -
,
,

Audit programme - set of one or more
#audits# planned for a specific time
frame and directed towards
a specific purpose (p. 3.11 ISO
19011:2002)


Note. An audit programme includes
all activities necessary for
planning, organizing and conducting
the audits

- ##
(. 3.3 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

: 1.
9000-2001
: ,
,
, -
.
,
.
,
.
2.
, -
-
.
, , .

:
,

;
,

;

;








,
, .
, ,


.



. -


( 9000-2001)

Product - result of #process#
(p. 3.3 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Note: 1. Four generic categories are
noted in ISO 9000:2005: services,
software, hardware, processed
materials. Many products comprise
elements belonging to different
generic product categories. Whether
the product is then called services,
software, hardware or processed
materials depends on the dominant
element.
2. Service is the result of at least
one activity necessarily performed
at the interface between supplier
and customer and is generally
intangible. Provision of a service
can involve, for example, the
following:
an activity performed on a
customer-supplied tangible product
(e.g. automobile to be repaired);
an activity performed on a
customer-supplied intangible product
(e.g. the income statement needed
to prepare a tax return);
the delivery of an intangible
product (e.g. the delivery
of information in the context
of knowledge transmission);
the creation of ambience for the
customer (e.g. in hotels and
restaurants)
Software consists of information and
is generally intangible and can be
in the form of approaches,
transactions or procedures.
Hardware is generally tangible and
its amount is a countable
characteristic. Processed materials
are generally tangible and their
amount is a continuous
characteristic. Hardware and
processed materials often are
referred to as goods.
Quality assurance is mainly focused
on intended product (ISO 9000:2005)


() -


- ()
# #
,

Length of service in the field of
any kind (method) of non-destructive
test - duration of activity of a
specialist in the field of any kind
(method) of #non-destructive test#
of certain objects resulting
in required practical skill and
domainspecific knowledge

-

## (. 3.2 ISO/TEC
17000:2004)

: 1.
-
( 9000-2001).
2. ,
"-
" "-
". ,
,
" "
( 9000-2001)

.
(--)

Procedure - specified way to carry
out an activity or a #process#
(p. 3.2 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)


Note: 1. Procedures can be
documented or not (ISO 9000:2005).
2. When procedure is documented, the
term "written procedure" or
"documented procedure" is frequently
used. The document that contains a
procedure can be called a "procedure
document" (ISO 9000:2005)



Comment. Standards of the
organization (STO-SK-xxx)
are documented procedures

- -

,
(. 3.4.1
9000-2001)

.

Process - set of interrelated
or interacting activities which
transform inputs into outputs
(p. 3.4.1 ISO 9000:2005)


Note. Inputs to a process are
generally outputs of other processes

- ##

##
(. 3.8.6 9000-2001)

Qualification process - #process# to
demonstrate the ability to fulfill
specified #requirements#
(p. 3.8.6 ISO 9000:2005)

- ,
# -
# ,

##,
: , ,
,
,

#/# (. 3.3
ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

Certification process - all
activities by which a #certification
body# establishes that a person
fulfils specified #competence#
requirements, including application,
evaluation, decision on
certification, surveillance and
recertification, use of certificates
and #logos/marks#
(p. 3.3 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

- -

-
(. 3.2.14 9000-2001)

Effectiveness - extent to which
planned activities are realized and
planned result achieved (p. 3.2.14
ISO 9000:2005)

- . "
"

Management - see "Top management"

-
##, #
# ##
(. 3.7.4 9000-2001)

Quality manual - #document#
specifying the #quality management
system# of an #organization#
(p. 3.7.4 ISO 9000:2005)

- ##,

##,
# #

(. 3.3 19011-2003)

Audit evidence - #records#,
statement of fact or other
#information# which are relevant
to the #audit criteria#
(p. 3.3 ISO 19011:2002)

- # -
# , -
##, ##,
(. 5.5
ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

: 1.

.
2.
,

,
""

Certification - third-party
#attestation# related to #products#,
#processes#, systems or persons
(p. 5.5 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)


Note: 1. Certification of management
system is sometimes also called
registration.
2. Certification is applicable to
all objects of conformity assessment
except for conformity assessment
bodies themselves, to which
"accreditation" term is applicable

- -

(. 3.2.1 9000-2001)

System - set of interrelated or
interacting elements
(p. 3.2.1 ISO 9000:2005)

- ##
## ##
(. 3.2.2
9000-2001)

.

,
,


Management system - #system# to
establish #policy# and #objectives#
and to achieve those objectives
(p. 3.2.2 ISO 9000:2005)

Note. A management system of an
organization can include different
management systems. Such as
a quality management system,
a financial management system
or environmental management system


() - ##
## ##

Accreditation documents system -
aggregate of #accreditation
documents# of #Unified System
participants#

- #-
#
##
##
(. 3.2.3 9000-2001)

Quality management system -
#management system# to direct and
control an #organization# with
regards to #quality#
(p. 3.2.3 ISO 9000:2005)

-
, ##
# #
(. 2.7 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Conformity assessment system -
rules, #procedures# and management
for carrying out #conformity
assessment#
(p. 2.7 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

-
##
# #
# #,
#
#,
(. 3.5 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

Certification system - set
of #procedures# and resources for
carrying out the #certification
process# as per
#certification scheme# leading
to the issue of a #certificate of
competence# including maintenance
(p. 3.5 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

-
##
# #
(. 3.16 / 17011-2008)

Reducing accreditation - process of
withdrawing #accreditation# for part
of the #scope of accreditation#
(p. 3.16 ISO/IEC 17011:2004)

-
, () -
[5]

Testing means - technical device
(hardware), substance and (or)
material for testing [5]

() - .
""

Standard of the organization (STO) -
see "Procedure"

/
- #
#,

,
# #,
##
(. 2.8 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Conformity assessment scheme/
conformity assessment programme -
#conformity assessment system#
related to specified objects
of conformity assessment, to which
the same #specified requirements#,
specific rules and #procedures#
apply (p. 2.8 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

-
## ,

,
,
##
(. 3.4 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

Certification scheme - specific
certification #requirements# related
to specified categories of persons
to which the same particular
standards and rules, and the same
#procedures# apply
(p. 3.4 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

- ,



##
##
##
# ##
#,
# #

Technical specialist - a person
directly involved in assessment
of either a legal entity or an
individual and being an #expert# or
possessing competence and relevant
#qualification# in declared
#accreditation scope of conformity
assessment body# provided such scope
is recognized by the #Accreditation
Body#

- , -
# #
##

# #,
(. 3.12 /
17011-2008)

.

- ,


(. 3.10 19011-2003)

Expert - person assigned by an
#accreditation body# to provide
specific knowledge or expertise
with respect to the #scope
of accreditation# to be assessed
(p. 3.12 ISO/IEC 17011:2004)


Comment. Within the framework of
quality management system technical
expert - person who provides
specific knowledge or expertise
to the audit team
(p. 3.10 ISO 19011:2002)

() - #-
#, -
,
##


Certificate - #document# issued by
body for certification of personnel,
certifying specialist's #competence#
in specified test scope, according
to assigned qualification level

-
# #,

## ##
(. 3.2.12 9000-2001)

Quality improvement - part
of #quality management# focused
on increasing the ability to fulfill
#quality requirements#
(p. 3.2.12 ISO 9000:2005)

-
# #,
# #
## (. 3.2.10
9000-2001)

Quality control - part of #quality
management# focused on fulfilling
#quality requirements#
(p. 3.2.10 ISO 9000:2005)

(
) - ,



(. 2.10 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Participant (participant in a system
or scheme) - body that operates
under the applicable rules without
having the opportunity to take part
in the management of system or
scheme (p. 2.10 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

- ,

##
(. 3.2.5 9000-2001)

: 1. -

.
2.

Quality objective - something
sought, or aimed for, related to
#quality# (p. 3.2.5 ISO 9000:2005)


Note: 1. Quality objectives are
generally based on the
organization's quality policy.
2. Quality objectives are generally
specified for relevant functions and
levels in the organization

- ,
,
####
, ,
, ,
(. 3.9 ISO/IEC
17024:2003)

Examination - mechanism that is part
of the evaluation, which measures
a #candidate's competence# by one
or more means such as written, oral,
practical and observational
(p. 3.9 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

- ,

##,
()
()
(. 3.10 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

Examiner - person with relevant
technical and personal
#qualifications#, competent to
conduct and/or score an examination
(p. 3.10 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

()
-
,
, III
##

#
# (10),


,

Examiner on a kind (method) of
non-destructive testing - specialist
having relevant education, certified
for the III-d #qualification# level
who underwent certification
according to Rules for Certification
of Personnel on #Non-Destructive
test# (10), authorized by the
Independent Body for Certification
of Personnel on Non-Destructive
control to conduct examinations,
control them and evaluate their
results

- #-
#,
-
# #[10],


Examination center - organization
complying with the requirements
of the Rules for Certification of
Personnel on #Non-Destructive Test#
[10], authorized by the Independent
Body to take qualification exams

- ,

# #

Expert - a person recognized as
competent to exercise #conformity
assessment# activity

- ,

-
,
, -
-

#
() #

Expert of top qualification - a
person possessing special knowledge
and expertise in the field of
examination of industrial safety
necessary for its conducting as well
as for drafting technical and
methodical documents in this field
and participation in certification
of experts


-


,
[9]

Examination of industrial safety -
assessment of conformity of the
examination object to the imposed
industrial safety requirements,
resulting in conclusion [9]

() - #
#, -

Expert organization (EO) -
#conformity assessment body#
accredited for conducting expert
works

-
# #, -
#
( )#

,
##

##

Type A expert organization -
an #inspection body#, which fulfill
#independence criteria (type A)#
and performs examination, as the
independent party, being the
separate #organization# or the
identified part of the
#organization#

-
# #, -
#
( )#

,

##

expert organization -
an #inspection body#, which fulfills
#independence criteria (type B)#
and performs examination, as the
independent party, being the
identified part of the parent
#organization#

-
# #, -
#
( )#
,
##

##

Type expert organization -
an #inspection body#, which fulfills
#independence criteria (type C)#
and performs examination, being
the separate #organization#
or the identified part of the
#organization#

-
# #,

,
,
(. 4.5
ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Peer assessment - assessment of
a body against #specified
requirements# by representatives of
other bodies in, or candidates for,
an agreement group (p. 4.5 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

- , -
# #
#
#

(. 3.8 / 17011-2008)

Assessor - person assigned by
an #accreditation body# to perform,
alone or as part of an assessment
team, an assessment of a #conformity
assessment body# (p. 3.8 ISO/IEC
17011:2004)

-


(. 3.2.15 9000-2001)

Efficiency - relationship between
the result achieved and the
resources used (p. 3.2.15 ISO
9000:2005)

 

--------------------------------

<1> authoritative - , .

 

4.

 

1. 21.07.97 N 116- " ".

2. 08.08.01 N 128- " ".

3. 1.5-2004. . . , , .

4. 1.5-2002. . . , , , .

5. 16504-81*. . . .

6. 9000-2001. . .

7. 19011-2003. / .

8. / 17011-2008. . , .

9. ( 03-246-98).

10. ( 03-440-02).

11. ( 03-372-00).

12. ISO/IEC 17011:2004. . , .

13. ISO/IEC 17020:1998. .

14. ISO 19011:2002. / .

15. ISO/IEC 17024:2003. . .

16. ISO 9000:2005. . .

17. ISO/IEC 17000:2004. . .

 

 



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