:

:

 

20 2009 . N 30-

 

,

, ,

 

-06-2009

 

1.

 

, , , ( - ).

, , ISO 9000, 17000, 19000, 9000-2008, / 17011-2008, / 17025-2006, 19011-2003, , ().

(ISO/IEC 17000:2004, / 17011-2008) .

, (ISO/IEC 17020:1998, ISO/IEC 17021:2006, ISO/IEC 17024:2003, / 17025-2006, ISO/IEC Guide 65:1996), .

, , , .. .

( 9000-2008, 19011-2003) .

 

2.

 

- , ,

-

-

- -

-

-

-

-

- ()

-

-

- ( , ) , ,

-

-

-

- ( , ) , ,

-

 

3.

 

- # -
# <1> , -
# -
#, -
##

# # (. 5.6 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

Accreditation - third-party
#attestation# related to a
#conformity assessment body#
conveying formal demonstration of
its competence to carry out
specific #conformity assessment#
tasks (p. 5.6 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)


- ##
## (. 3.13
/ 17011-2008)

Extending accreditation - #process#
of enlarging the scope of
#accreditation# (p. 3.13 ISO/IEC
17011:2004)

- , -
,
, ## -

(. 3.8.7
9000-2008)

Review - activity undertaken to
determine the suitability, adequacy
and #effectiveness# of the subject
matter to achieve established
objectives (p. 3.8.7 ISO 9000:2005)

-
#
# #
# ,

(. 6.4 ISO/IEC 17000:2004).
:

-


,
(
)
(. 3.6
/ 17011-2008)

Appeal - request by the provider of
the object of conformity assessment
to the #conformity assessment body#
or #accreditation body# for
reconsideration by that body of a
decision it has made relating to
that object (p. 6.4 ISO/IEC
17000:2004).
Comment: Within the framework of
the procedure of assessing and
accrediting conformity assessment
bodies appeal - request by a
conformity assessment body for
reconsideration of any adverse
decision made by the accreditation
body related to its desired
accreditation status (p. 3.6
ISO/IEC 17011:2004)

-
## ,
##
(. 3.4
/ 17011-2008).
:
-

Accreditation certificate - formal
#document# or a set of documents,
stating that #accreditation# has
been granted for the defined scope
(p. 3.4 ISO/IEC 17011:2004)

()
-

##
## -

# #
(10) - ()
-

Certification of personnel in the
filed of non-destructive test -
process of confirmation by the
independent body of #qualification#
and conformity of candidate's
#competence# to the requirements of
Rules for Personnel Certification
in the Field of Non-Destructive
Test (10) relating to certain kind
(method) of non-destructive test in
the relevant certification scope

-
-

Certification of laboratory -
activity of confirmation of
laboratory conformity to the
specified requirements

- ,
## -
##,

## -

# #
(. 4.4 ISO/IEC 17000:2004).
: ""
,
"" -
,
.
:

.
,
" ",

. -

.
,
, -
-
,
(. 3.1,
1 19011-2003)

Audit - systematic, independent,
documented #process# for obtaining
#records#, statements of fact or
other relevant #information# and
assessing them objectively to
determine the extent to which
#specified requirements# are
fulfilled (p. 4.4 ISO/IEC
17000:2004).
Note: Whilst "audit" applies to
management systems, "assessment"
applies to conformity assessments
bodies as well as more generally.
Comment: Within the framework of
the Unified System of Conformity
Assessment only internal audits are
reviewed.
Internal audits, sometimes called
"first-party audit", are usually
conducted either by the
organization itself or, on its
behalf, for internal purposes, and
may serve basis for declaring
conformity (p. 3.1, note 1 to ISO
19011:2002)

- , -
##
(. 3.8 19011-2003).
:
- ,
-

Auditor - person with the
demonstrated personal attributes
and #competence# to conduct an
audit (p. 3.8 ISO 19011:2002).
Comment: Within the framework of
the Unified System of Conformity
Assessment - a person of competence
for conducting internal audits

-
##,
##, -
# #
(. 3.9 19011-2003)

Audit team - one or more #auditors#
conducting an #audit#, supported if
needed by the #technical experts#
(p. 3.9 ISO 19011:2002)

- #
#,

(. 3.15
/ 17011-2008)

Lead assessor - #assessor# who is
given the overall responsibility
for specified assessment activities
(p. 3.15 ISO 17011:2004)

() - -
#
# #
# (. 3.4
19011-2003)

Audit conclusion - outcome of an
audit provided by the #audit team#
after consideration of the #audit
objectives# and all #audit
findings# (p. 3.4 ISO 19011:2002)

-
, -
##
(. 3.2.7
9000-2008)

Top management - person or group of
people who directs and controls an
#organization# at the highest level
(p. 3.2.7 ISO 9000:2005)


-
, -
##, -

(. 2.3 ISO/IEC 17000:2004).
: ,

,
, ,
-
, -
-
, ,

Second-party conformity assessment
activity - conformity assessment
activity that is performed by the
person or #organization# that has a
user interest in the object (p. 2.3
ISO/IEC 17000:2004).
Note: Persons or organizations
performing second-party conformity
assessment activities include, for
example, purchasers or users of
products, or potential customers
seeking to rely on a supplier's
management system, or organizations
representing those interests


-
,
##,
(. 2.2 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

First-party conformity assessment
activity - conformity assessment
activity that is performed by the
person or #organization# that
provides the object (p. 2.2 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)


-
# #, -
,
, -
, , -
(. 2.4
ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Third-party conformity assessment
activity - #conformity assessment#
activity that is performed by a
person or body that is independent
of the person or organization that
provides the object, and of user
interests in that object (p. 2.4
ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

- ##, -

(: ##, ,
, , ,
) (. 3.7.2
9000-2008).
:
1. ,
,
,

.
2. -
""

Document - #information# and its
supporting medium (example:
#record#, specification, procedure
document, drawing, report,
standard) (p. 3.7.2 ISO 9000:2005).
Note:
1. The medium can be paper,
magnetic, electronic or optical
computer disc, photograph or master
sample, or combination thereof.
2. A set of documents is frequently
called "documentation"

- . ""

Documentation - see "Document"

( )
-
# # -
## ## (. 2.9
ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Access (access to a system or
scheme) - opportunity for an
applicant to obtain #conformity
assessment# under the rules of the
#systems# or #scheme# (p. 2.9
ISO/IEC 17000:2004)


,
, -
(
) -
##, , , ,
, ,

## () #
# -
# #
,

Unified System of Conformity
Assessment in the field of
industrial, environmental safety,
safety in energy and construction
(Unified System of Conformity
Assessment) - aggregate of
#participants#, norms, rules,
methods, conditions, criteria and
procedures within framework of
which #accreditation#
(certification) of #conformity
assessment bodies# and #conformity
assessment# activity are performed
at a hazardous production facility,
energy and construction facilities

- , -
##
ec # #, -

#
#
(. 3.9 /
17011-2008)

Complaint - expression of
dissatisfaction by any person or
#organization# to a #conformity
assessment body# or #accreditation
body#, relating to the activities
of that body, where a response is
expected (p. 6.5 ISO/IEC
17000:2004, p. 3.9 ISO/IEC
17011:2004)

-
(. 3.1
ISO/IEC 17000:2004).
:

, ,

Specified requirements - need or
expectation that is stated (p. 3.1
ISO/IEC 17000:2004).
Note: Specified requirements may be
stated in normative documents such
as regulations, standards and
technical specifications

- ,

## (. 3.14
/ 17011-2008).
:
, -
; - ,

Interested parties - parties with a
direct or indirect interest in
#accreditation# (p. 3.14 ISO/IEC
17011:2004).
Note: Direct interest refers to the
interest of those who undergo
accreditation; indirect interest
refers to the interests of those
who use or rely on accredited
conformity assessment services

- ##, -

(9)

Customer - #organization# making an
application for conformity
assessment (9)

-
, -
# #

# # (. 3.5
19011-2003)

Audit findings - results of the
evaluation of the collected #audit
evidence# against #audit criteria#
(p. 3.5 ISO 19011:2002)


- ##,



(9)

Examination conclusion - #document#
containing substantiated
conclusions on compliance or non-
compliance of the examination
object with requirements of
industrial safety (9)

- ##,
-

(. 3.7.6 9000-2008)

Record - #document# stating results
achieved or providing evidence of
activities performed (p. 3.7.6 ISO
9000:2005)

() -
##,
##
#
#

Applicant (of accreditation) -
#organization# which applying for
#accreditation# and has presented
the written application about it in
the #Accreditation body#

- , -

-


(. 3.5 /
17011-2008).
:


Accreditation symbol - symbol
issued by an #accreditation body#
to be used by accredited
#conformity assessment bodies# to
indicate their accredited status
(p. 3.5 ISO/IEC 17011:2004).
Comment: Accreditation symbols of
the Accreditation Body

-
(. 3.7.1 9000-2008)

Information - meaningful data
(p. 3.7.1 ISO 9000:2005)

-
, ,



## (. 3.18
/ 17011-2008).
:

-
, :

, -
;
,
;
-
(,
, -
,
,
);

(,
)

Surveillance - set of activities,
except reassessment, to monitor the
continued fulfillment by accredited
conformity assessment bodies of
requirements for #accreditation#
(p. 3.18 ISO/IEC 17011:2004).
Note: Surveillance includes both
surveillance on-site assessments
and other surveillance activities,
such as:
enquiries from the accreditation
body to the conformity assessment
body on aspects concerning the
accreditation;
reviewing the declarations of the
conformity assessment body with
respect to what is covered by the
accreditation;
requests to the conformity
assessment body to provide
documents and records (e.g. audit
reports, results of internal
quality control for verifying the
validity of conformity assessment
body services, complaints records,
management review records);
monitoring the performance of the
conformity assessment body (such as
results of participating in
proficiency testing)

() -
# #,

## () : -
, ,
, -
,
(-
), -
- -
, , , -
,
, --

Inspection organization (IO) - a
#conformity assessment body#
accredited for #review# and
assessment of: products, processes
and equipment for the hazardous
production facility, energy and
construction facilities as well as
of organizational-technical
preparedness of the organizations

- ,
## (ISO/IEC
17020:1998).
: -

Inspection body - body, that
performs #inspection# (ISO/IEC
17020:1998).
Note: A body can be an
organization, or part of an
organization

- . ""

 

- -
() -


,
()
(5)

Tests - experimental determination
of quantitative and (or)
qualitative characteristics of the
test object's attributes as a
result of impact on it, while its
functioning, when simulating an
object and (or) impact (5)

() -
# #,

Test laboratory (TL) (including
non-destructive test laboratories)
- #conformity assessment body#,
accredited for performing tests

-
,
-

Test equipment - test facility
being a technical device (hardware)
for simulating test conditions

- , -
-
,
# (-
)# (. 3.2 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

Candidate - applicant who has
fulfilled specified prerequisites,
allowing the participation in the
#certification process# (p. 3.2
ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

-

## (. 3.1.1
9000-2008)

Quality - degree to which a set of
inherent characteristics fulfills
#requirements# (p. 3.1.1 ISO
9000:2005)


-
##,
, , -


()
# #


Qualification certificate on
non-destructive test - #document#
issued by the independent body
certifying specialist's competence
to conduct #non-destructive
testing# with one or several non-
destructive methods in a certain
certification field according to
assigned qualification level

-
,

Qualification exam - procedure of
evaluating candidates' knowledge,
experience and skills in the
declared scope

-
, ,
() (.
3.11 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

Qualification - demonstration of
personal attributes, education,
training and/or work experience (p.
3.11 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)


-
: , -
, , -
-
#
#

Qualification in the field of non-
destructive testing - fulfillment
of certain requirements: education,
professional experience, expertise
allowing specialist to
professionally perform #non-
destructive testing#

-


(. 3.14 19011-2003)

Competence - demonstrated personal
attributes and demonstrated ability
to apply knowledge and expertise
(p. 3.14 ISO 19011:2002)

- -

# #,
## (. 3.11
/ 17011-2008).
:


;
-
;

,

/

;



Consultancy - participation in any
of the activities of a #conformity
assessment body# subject to
#accreditation# (p. 3.11 ISO/IEC
17011:2004).
Examples:
preparing or producing manuals or
procedures for a conformity
assessment body;
participating in the operation or
management of the system of a
conformity assessment body;
giving specific advice or specific
training towards the development
and implementation of the
management system and/or competence
of a conformity assessment body;
giving specific advice or specific
training for the development and
implementation of the operational
procedures of a conformity
assessment body

- -
,
-
,
(. 3.8.2 9000-2008)

Inspection - conformity evaluation
by observation and judgement
accompanied as appropriate by
measurement, testing or gauging (p.
3.8.2 ISO 9000:2005)

-
, , ,
-
-

(ISO/IEC
17020:1998).
:
1. -
, ,
.
2. -
.
:

""

Inspection - examination of a
product design, product, service,
process or plant, and determination
of their conformity with specific
requirements or, on the basis of
professional judgment, general
requirements (ISO/IEC 17020:1998).
Note:
1. Inspection of processes includes
personnel, facilities, technology
and methodology.
2. The results of inspection may be
used to support certification

- ,

##

(. 3.6.5 9000-
2008).
:

,
-

Corrective action - action to
eliminate the cause of a detected
#nonconformity# or other
undesirable situation (p. 3.6.5 ISO
9000:2005).
Note: Corrective action is taken to
prevent recurrence whereas
preventive action is taken to
prevent occurrence

- ,

## (. 3.6.6
9000-2008)

Correction - action to eliminate a
detected #nonconformity# (p. 3.6.6
ISO 9000:2005)

- ,
#
#,

Accreditation criteria -
requirements, which #conformity
assessment body# must fulfill to be
accredited

-
##, ##
## (. 3.2
19011-2003).
:

Audit criteria - set of #policies#,
#procedures# or #requirements# (p.
3.2 ISO 19011:2002).
Note: Audit criteria are used as a
reference against which audit
evidence is compared

( A, B, C)
- , -
# # (ISO
17020:1998)

Independence criteria (type A, B,
C) - requirements, which #expert
organization# shall meet (ISO
17020:1998)

- -
, # -
#
(. 3.3 / 17011-2008).
:


Accreditation body logo - logo used
by an #accreditation body# to
identify itself (p. 3.3 ISO/IEC
17011:2004).
Comment: Accreditation Body's logo

- -

## (. 3.2.6
9000-2008)

Management - coordinated activities
to direct and control an
#organization# (p. 3.2.6 ISO
9000:2005)

- -

## -
## (. 3.2.8
9000-2008).
:



, ,
,

Quality management - coordinated
activities to direct and control an
organization in terms of quality
(p. 3.2.8 ISO 9000:2005).
Note: Direction and control with
regard to quality generally include
establishment of the quality policy
and quality objectives, quality
control, quality assurance and
quality improvement

- -
##,
, -
, ,
,

-
,

, ,

(5)

Test procedure - organizational-
methodic mandatory #document#
including test method, test
facilities and conditions,
sampling, algorithms of performing
operations on selecting one or
several correlated characteristics
of object's attributes, forms of
submitting data and assessing
accuracy, reliability of results,
safety and environmental
requirements (5)

- #
#, -
# #
# -
# (. 3.21 /
17011-2008)

Witnessing - observation of the
#conformity assessment body#
carrying out #conformity assessment
services# within its #scope of
accreditation# (p. 3.21 ISO/IEC
17011:2004)

--
() -
# #, -

, -
, / -
( -
)

Independent certification
methodical center (ICMC) -
accredited #conformity assessment
body# that performs services in the
field of preparation of heads and
specialists, who are a subject
certification, and/or of vocational
training (assignment of
qualification) of basic trades
workers



() - # -
#, -
#-
#

Independent body for certification
of laboratory (IBCL) - a
#conformity assessment body#
accredited for certification of
#non-destructive test# laboratories

-

() - #
#,

#
#

Independent body for certification
of non-destructive test mandatory
documents (IBCM) - a #conformity
assessment body# accredited for
certification of mandatory
documents in the field of #non-
destructive test#


() - #
#,

Independent body for certification
of personnel (IBCP) - a #conformity
assessment body# accredited for
certification of personnel in the
field of testing



() - # -
#, -
#-
#

Independent body for certification
of non-destructive test facilities
(IBCF) - a #conformity assessment
body# accredited for certification
of #non-destructive test#
facilities


() - #
#,
()
##,
, (,
), -
,

Independent body for expert
certification (ICB) - a #conformity
assessment body#, accredited for
conducting certification of
#experts# conducting various types
of examinations, inspections as
well as certification of products,
services and management systems

() -
,

,

Non-destructive test (NDT) -
testing non affecting integrity and
serviceableness of technical
devices, buildings and structures

-
(. 3.6.2
9000-2008)

Nonconformity - non-fulfillment of
a requirement (p. 3.6.2 ISO
9000:2005)

-
# #,
, #-
# ##
(. 3.2.11 9000-2008)

Quality assurance - part of
#quality management# focused on
providing confidence that #quality
requirements# will be fulfilled (p.
3.2.11 ISO 9000:2005)

-
,
##
(. 3.17 /
17011-2008)

Scope of accreditation - specific
conformity assessment services for
which #accreditation# is sought or
has been granted (p. 3.17 ISO/IEC
17011:2004)


-
##,

,
()

Scope of accreditation of test
laboratory - aggregate of #testing
activities# such laboratory is
competent to perform depending upon
kinds of technical devices,
buildings and structures and (or)
tests

(
) -

,

# #
(10)

Scope of accreditation (of a
specialist on non-destructive test)
- sphere of activity of a
specialist on testing specific
objects determined by the rules for
personnel certification in the
field of #non-destructive test#
(10)

-

,
(. 5.3
ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Scope of attestation - range or
characteristics of object of
conformity assessment covered by
attestation (p. 5.3 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

- -
,
, -

; ,
-
;
;
,

, -
,

, ,
-
(5)

Objects of industrial safety
examination: design forms and
specifications for expansion,
modernization, deactivation and
abandonment of a hazardous
production facility; technical
devices used at a hazardous
production facility; buildings and
structures at a hazardous
production facility; industrial
safety declarations and other
documents pertaining to operation
of a hazardous production facility
(5)

- ,

- (. 3.8.1
9000-2008).
:
,
,

Objective evidence - data
supporting the existence or verity
of something (p. 3.8.1 ISO
9000:2005).
Note: Objective evidence may be
obtained through observation,
measurement, test or other means

-
,
(. 3.2 / 17011-2008).
:
-
( , -
) - ,
,

,
-
,
-

Accreditation body - authoritative
<2> body that performs
accreditation (p. 3.2 ISO/IEC
17011:2004).
Comment: Within the framework of
the Unified System of Conformity
Assessment Accreditation Body
(Coordinating Body, Central Body) -
an authorized body exercising
review, assessment and arranging
accreditation of conformity
assessment bodies, surveillance of
the accredited bodies as well as
coordination of activities of all
participants to the accreditation
procedure

() -
, #
#,
## (. 3.10
/ 17011-2008).
:

, -
,
,

: ,

(), ();
()
, :
()
(),
() -
() -
- ();
, :
(),
()

();
()

Conformity assessment body (CAB) -
body that performs #conformity
assessment# services and that can
be the object of #accreditation#
(p. 3.10 ISO/IEC 17011:2004,
. 2.5
ISO/IEC 17000:2004).
Comment: Conformity assessment
bodies in the field of industrial
safety, safety of hydraulic
engineering structures,
environmental safety, safety of
electric energy and construction
facilities comprise: inspection
bodies including expert
organizations (EOs), inspection
organizations (IOs); independent
bodies for certification of
personnel (IBCPs), independent
bodies for experts certification
(ICBs) and independent
certification - methodical centers
(ICMCs); certification bodies
comprising: product certification
bodies (PCBs), services
certification body (SCB) and
management systems certification
bodies (MSCBs); test laboratories
(TLs)

()
- # #,

Product Certification Body (PCB) -
a #conformity assessment body#
accredited for certification of
products


() - #
#,

,
-
, # -
#, -
.

Management systems certification
body (MSCB) - a #conformity
assessment body# accredited for
certification of different
industrial safety management
systems, #quality management
systems#, environmental management
systems, etc.

() -
# #,

Services certification body (SCB) -
a #conformity assessment body#
accredited for certification of
services

-

, -
(: , -
, , , -
, ,
,
,
) (. 3.3.1
9000-2008)

Organization - group of people and
facilities with an arrangement of
responsibilities, authorities and
relationships (for example,
company, corporation, firm,
enterprise, institution, charity,
sole trader, association or parts
or combination thereof) (p. 3.3.1
ISO 9000:2005)

- -
,

(. 3.3.2 9000-2008).
:
1. -

.
2.
-

Organizational structure -
arrangement of responsibility,
authorities and relationship
between people (p. 3.3.2 ISO
9000:2005).
Note:
1. A formal expression of the
organizational structure is often
provided in a quality manual.
2. The scope of the organizational
structure can include relevant
interfaces to external
organizations

-

# #
## (. 4.1 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

Sampling - provision of a sample of
the object of #conformity
assessment#, according to a
procedure (p. 4.1 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

-

## (. 3.20
/ 17011-2008)

Withdrawing accreditation - process
of terminating #accreditation# in
full (p. 3.20 ISO 17011:2004)

- ##,

##,
## (. 3.8 ISO/IEC
17024:2003)

Evaluation - #process# that
assesses a person's fulfillment of
the requirements of the #scheme#
leading to the decision on
#certification# (p. 3.8 ISO/IEC
17024:2003)

- ,
# #
## #
#
() () /

# #
(. 3.7 / 17011-2008)

Assessment - process undertaken by
an #accreditation body# to assess
the #competence# of a #conformity
assessment body#, based on
particular standard(s) and/or other
normative documents and for a
defined #scope of accreditation#
(p. 3.7 ISO/IEC 17011:2004)

-
, # #
##, , ,
(. 2.1 ISO/IEC
17000:2004).
: 1.

, ,
,

.
2. " -
" ""
,
, , ,
, ,

Conformity assessment -
demonstration that #specified
requirements# relating to a
#product#, process, system, person
or body are fulfilled (p. 2.1
ISO/IEC 17000:2004).
Note: 1. The subject field or
conformity assessment includes
activities defined such as testing,
inspection and certification, as
well as the accreditation of
conformity assessment bodies.
2. The expression "subject of
conformity"/"subject" is used to
encompass any particular material,
product, installation, process,
system, person or body to which
conformity assessment is applied


- ,
# #
, -

Personnel in the field of non-
destructive test - specialists
admitted to conduct #non-
destructive testing# of technical
devices, buildings and structures
at hazardous production facilities

-
##
(. 3.12 19011-2003)

Audit plan - description of the
activities and arrangements for an
#audit# (p. 3.12 ISO 19011:2002)

- #-
#, -
# #
-
## -
#
# (. 3.2.9
9000-2008)

Quality planning - part of #quality
management# focused on setting
#quality objectives# and specifying
necessary operational processes and
related resources to fulfill the
#quality objectives# (p. 3.2.9 ISO
9000:2005)

-
,
## ,
# #
(. 5.2 ISO/IEC 17000:2004).
:
,
.
-

Attestation - issue of a statement,
based on a decision following
#review#, that fulfillment of
#specified requirements# has been
demonstrated (p. 5.2 ISO/IEC
17000:2004).
Note: The resulting statement
conveys the assurance that the
specified requirements have been
fulfilled. Such an assurance does
not, of itself, afford contractual
or other legal guarantees

-

## ##,
#
# (. 3.2.4
9000-2008)

Quality policy - overall intentions
and direction of an #organization#
related to quality as formally
expressed by #top management# (p.
3.2.4 ISO 9000:2005)

-
-
## (. 3.2.13
9000-2008)

Continual improvement - recurring
activity to increase the ability to
fulfill #requirements# (p. 3.2.13
ISO 9000:2005)

- ## ,
## (:
, , -
, , ,
) (. 3.3.5
9000-2008).
:

Customer - #organization# or person
that receives a #product#
(consumer, client, end-user,
retailer, beneficiary and
purchaser) (p. 3.3.5 ISO
9000:2005).
Note: A customer can be internal or
external to the organization

- ,

##

(. 3.6.4
9000-2008)

Preventive action - action to
eliminate the cause of a potential
#nonconformity# or other
undesirable potential situation (p.
3.6.4 ISO 9000:2005)

-
##

(. 3.19
/ 17011-2008)

Suspending accreditation - process
of temporarily making
#accreditation# invalid, in full or
for part of the scope of
accreditation (p. 3.19 ISO/IEC
17011:2004)

-

-
(. 4.2 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Testing - determination of one or
more characteristics of an object
of conformity assessment, according
to a procedure (p. 4.2 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

- -
, -


(. 3.11 19011-2003).
:
,
, -

Audit programme - set of one or
more audits planned for a specific
time frame and directed towards a
specific purpose (p. 3.11 ISO
19011:2002).
Note: An audit programme includes
all activities necessary for
planning, organizing and conducting
the audits

- (.
3.3 ISO/IEC 17000:2004).
: 1. 9000-2008
-
: ,
, ,
.
,
-
.
,
.
2.
, -
-
. ,
, . -
:
, -

;
,
-
;

;

.
-
-
, ,
.
, ,
, -
-
.
-

-
. -

( 9000-2008)

Product - result of process (p. 3.3
ISO/IEC 17000:2004).
Note: 1. Four generic categories
are noted in ISO 9000:2005:
services, software, hardware,
processed materials. Many products
comprise elements belonging to
different generic product
categories. Whether the product is
then called services, software,
hardware or processed materials
depends on the dominant element.
2. Service is the result of at
least one activity necessarily
performed at the interface between
supplier and customer and is
generally intangible. Provision of
a service can involve, for example,
the following:
an activity performed on a
customer-supplied tangible product
(e.g. automobile to be repaired);
an activity performed on a
customer-supplied intangible
product (e.g. the income statement
needed to prepare a tax return);
the delivery of an intangible
product (e.g. the delivery of
information in the context of
knowledge transmission);
the creation of ambience for the
customer (e.g. in hotels and
restaurants).
Software consists of information
and is generally intangible and can
be in the form of approaches,
transactions or procedures.
Hardware is generally tangible and
its amount is a countable
characteristic.
Processed materials are generally
tangible and their amount is a
continuous characteristic. Hardware
and processed materials often are
referred to as goods.
Quality assurance is mainly focused
on intended product (ISO 9000:2005)


() -
-
-
() # -
# ,

Length of service in the field of
any kind (method) of non-
destructive test - duration of
activity of a specialist in the
field of any kind (method) of #non-
destructive test# of certain
objects resulting in required
practical skill and domain-specific
knowledge

-

(. 3.2 ISO/IEC 17000:2004).
: 1.
-
( 9000-2008).
2. ,
"
" " -
". , -
, "-
"
( 9000-2008).
:
(--)
-

Procedure - specified way to carry
out an activity or a process (p.
3.2 ISO/IEC 17000:2004).
Note: 1. Procedures can be
documented or not (ISO 9000:2005).
2. When procedure is documented,
the term "written procedure" or
"documented procedure" is
frequently used. The document that
contains a procedure can be called
a "procedure document" (ISO
9000:2005).
Comment: Standards of the
organization (STO-SK-xxx) are
documented procedures

- -
-
, -
(. 3.4.1 9000-2008).
:

Process - set of interrelated or
interacting activities which
transform inputs into outputs (p.
3.4.1 ISO 9000:2005).
Note: Inputs to a process are
generally outputs of other
processes

- ##

## (. 3.8.6
9000-2008)

Qualification process - #process#
to demonstrate the ability to
fulfill specified #requirements#
(p. 3.8.6 ISO 9000:2005)

- ,
# -
# ,

##,
: , ,
,
,
#
/# (. 3.3 ISO/IEC
17024:2003)

Certification process - all
activities by which a
#certification body# establishes
that a person fulfills specified
#competence# requirements,
including application, evaluation,
decision on certification,
surveillance and recertification,
use of certificates and
#logos/marks# (p. 3.3 ISO/IEC
17024:2003)

-
-

(. 3.2.14 9000-2008)

Effectiveness - extent to which
planned activities are realized and
planned result achieved (p. 3.2.14
ISO 9000:2005)

- . "
"

Management - see "Top management"

- ,
#
# (. 3.7.4
9000-2008)

Quality manual - #document#
specifying the #quality management
system# of an #organization# (p.
3.7.4 ISO 9000:2005)

- ##,

##,
# #
(. 3.3
19011-2003)

Audit evidence - #records#,
statement of fact or other
#information# which are relevant to
the #audit criteria# (p. 3.3 ISO
19011:2002)

- # -
# , -
##, ##,
(. 5.5
ISO/IEC 17000:2004).
: 1.
-
.
2.
,

,
""

Certification - third-party
#attestation# related to
#products#, #processes#, systems or
persons (p. 5.5 ISO/IEC
17000:2004).
Note: 1. Certification of
management system is sometimes also
called registration.
2. Certification is applicable to
all objects of conformity
assessment except for conformity
assessment bodies themselves, to
which "accreditation" term is
applicable

- -

(. 3.2.1 9000-2008)

System - set of interrelated or
interacting elements (p. 3.2.1 ISO
9000:2005)

- ##
## ##
(. 3.2.2
9000-2008).
:

,
,

Management system - #system# to
establish #policy# and #objectives#
and to achieve those objectives (p.
3.2.2 ISO 9000:2005).
Note: A management system of an
organization can include different
management systems. Such as a
quality management system, a
financial management system or
environmental management system


() - ##
#
#

Accreditation documents system -
aggregate of #accreditation
documents# of #Unified System of
Conformity Assessment
participants#

-
# #
## -
## (. 3.2.3
9000-2008)

Quality management system -
#management system# to direct and
control an #organization# with
regards to #quality# (p. 3.2.3 ISO
9000:2005)

-
, ##
# #
(. 2.7 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

Conformity assessment system -
rules, #procedures# and management
for carrying out #conformity
assessment# (p. 2.7 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

- ##
#
# # -
#, #-
#, -
(. 3.5 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

Certification system - set of
#procedures# and resources for
carrying out the #certification
process# as per #certification
scheme# leading to the issue of a
#certificate of competence#
including maintenance (p. 3.5
ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

-
##
# # (. 3.16
/ 17011-2008)

Reducing accreditation - process of
withdrawing #accreditation# for
part of the #scope of
accreditation# (p. 3.16 ISO/IEC
17011:2004)

-
, ()
(5)

Testing means - technical device
(hardware), substance and (or)
material for testing (5)

() - .
""

Standard of the organization (STO)
- see "Procedure"

/
- #
#, -
,

# #,
## (. 2.8 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

Conformity assessment scheme/
conformity assessment programme -
#conformity assessment system#
related to specified objects of
conformity assessment, to which the
same #specified requirements#,
specific rules and #procedures#
apply (p. 2.8 ISO/IEC 17000:2004)

- #-
# , -
,

,
## (. 3.4 ISO/IEC
17024:2003)

Certification scheme - specific
certification #requirements#
related to specified categories of
persons to which the same
particular standards and rules and
the same #procedures# apply (p. 3.4
ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

- , -


##
## -
## -
#
,
#

Technical specialist - a person
directly involved in assessment of
either a legal entity or an
individual and being an #expert# or
possessing competence and relevant
#qualification# in declared
#accreditation scope of conformity
assessment body# provided such
scope is recognized by the
#Accreditation Body#

- , -
# #
##

# #,
(. 3.12 /
17011-2008).
: -
-
,

(. 3.10
19011-2003)

Expert - person assigned by an
#accreditation body# to provide
specific knowledge or expertise
with respect to the #scope of
accreditation# to be assessed (p.
3.12 ISO/IEC 17011:2004).
Comment: Within the framework of
quality management system technical
expert - person who provides
specific knowledge or expertise to
the audit team (p. 3.10 ISO
19011:2002)

() -
##, -
,
## -
-
-

Certificate - #document# issued by
body for certification of
personnel, certifying specialist's
#competence# in specified test
scope, according to assigned
qualification level

- #-
#,

## ## (. 3.2.12
9000-2008)

Quality improvement - part of
#quality management# focused on
increasing the ability to fulfill
#quality requirements# (p. 3.2.12
ISO 9000:2005)

- #-
#,
## ##
(. 3.2.10 9000-2008)

Quality control - part of #quality
management# focused on fulfilling
#quality requirements# (p. 3.2.10
ISO 9000:2005)

( )
- , -
-

(. 2.10 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

Participant (participant in a
system or scheme) - body that
operates under the applicable rules
without having the opportunity to
take part in the management of
system or scheme (p. 2.10 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

- ,

## (. 3.2.5
9000-2008).
: 1. -

.
2.

Quality objective - something
sought or aimed for, related to
#quality# (p. 3.2.5 ISO 9000:2005).
Note: 1. Quality objectives are
generally based on the
organization's quality policy.
2. Quality objectives are generally
specified for relevant functions
and levels in the organization

- ,
,
# #
,
, ,
(. 3.9 ISO/IEC
17024:2003)

Examination - mechanism that is
part of the evaluation, which
measures a #candidate's competence#
by one or more means such as
written, oral, practical and
observational (p. 3.9 ISO/IEC
17024:2003)

- ,

##,
() -
() (. 3.10
ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

Examiner - person with relevant
technical and personal
#qualifications#, competent to
conduct and/or score an examination
(p. 3.10 ISO/IEC 17024:2003)

() -
- ,
,
III
##

# #
(10),


,

Examiner on a kind (method) of non-
destructive testing - specialist
having relevant education,
certified for the III-d
#qualification# level who underwent
certification according to Rules
for Certification of Personnel on
#Non-Destructive test# (10),
authorized by the Independent Body
for Certification of Personnel on
Non-Destructive control to conduct
examinations, control them and
evaluate their results

-
##, -

# #
(10),
-

Examination center - organization
complying with the requirements of
the Rules for Certification of
Personnel on #Non-Destructive Test#
(10), authorized by the Independent
Body to take qualification exams

- , -
#
#

Expert - a person recognized as
competent to exercise #conformity
assessment# activity

- ,

-
,
,
-

#
() #

Expert of top qualification - a
person possessing special knowledge
and expertise in the field of
examination of industrial safety
necessary for its conducting as
well as for drafting technical and
methodical documents in this field
and participation if #certification
of experts#


- -

, -
(9)

Examination of industrial safety -
assessment of conformity of the
examination object to the imposed
industrial safety requirements,
resulting in conclusion (9)

() - #
#, -

Expert organization (EO) -
#conformity assessment body#
accredited for conducting expert
works

A -
# #, -
#
A#
-
,
## -
##

Type A expert organization - an
#inspection body#, which fulfills
#independence criteria# (type A)
and performs examination, as the
independent party, being the
separate #organization# or the
identified part of the
#organization#

B -
# #, -
#
B#
-
,

##

Type B expert organization - an
#inspection body#, which fulfills
#independence criteria# (type B)
and performs examination, as the
independent party, being the
identified part of the parent
organization

C -
# #, -
#
C#
,
## -
##

Type C expert organization - an
#inspection body#, which fulfills
#independence criteria# (type C)
and performs examination, being the
separate #organization# or the
identified part of the
#organization#

-
# #,

, -
,
(. 4.5 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

Peer assessment - assessment of a
body against #specified
requirements# by representatives of
other bodies in, or candidates for,
an agreement group (p. 4.5 ISO/IEC
17000:2004)

- ,
# #
# -
#
(. 3.8
/ 17011-2008)

Assessor - person assigned by an
#accreditation body# to perform,
alone or as part of an assessment
team, an assessment of a
#conformity assessment body# (p.
3.8 ISO/IEC 17011:2004)

- -

(. 3.2.15 9000-
2008)

Efficiency - relationship between
the result achieved and the
resources used (p. 3.2.15 ISO
9000:2005)

 

--------------------------------

<1> / .

<2> authoritative - , .

 

4.

 

1. 21.07.1997 N 116- " ".

2. 08.08.2001 N 128- " ".

3. 1.5-2004. . . , , .

4. 1.5-92. . , , .

5. 16504-81*. . . .

6. 9000-2008. . .

7. 19011-2003. / .

8. / 17011-2008. . , .

9. ( 03-246-98).

10. ( 03-440-02).

11. ( 03-372-00).

12. ISO/IEC 17011:2004. . , .

13. ISO/IEC 17020:1998. .

14. ISO 19011:2002. / .

15. ISO/IEC 17024:2003. . .

16. ISO 9000:2005. . .

17. ISO/IEC 17000:2004. . .

 

 



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