:

:

 

27 2007 . N 500-

 

 

 

,

 

1

 

,

 

ISO 12100-1:2003

Safety of machinery. Basic concepts, general principles

for design. Part 1. Basic terminology, methodology

(IDT)

 

12100-1-2007

 

07

 

13.110;

01.040.13

 

1 2008

 

 

27 2002 . N 184- " ", - 1.0-2004 " . ".

 

 

1. " - " ( "") - ( "") , 4.

2. 70 "".

3. 27 2007 . N 500-.

4. 12100-1:2003 " . , . 1. , " (ISO 12100-1:2003 "Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design - Part 1: Basic terminology, methodology").

() , C.

5. .

 

" ", - " ". () " ". , - .

 

 

, , . .

" " () .

, :

- A - , , , ;

- B - , , ;

- B1 - (, , , ..);

- B2 - (, , , , ..);

- C - , .

A.

C B, C.

, .

/ 51 [1].

 

1.

 

, .

, .

 

2.

 

. .

12100-2:2003. . , . 2. .

 

3.

 

:

3.1. , (machine, machinery): , , , , , , , , .

"" "" , , .

. A .

 

3.2. () [reliability (of a machine)]: .

3.3. () [maintainability (of a machine)]: , .

3.4. () [usability (of a machine)]: , , , ().

3.5. , (harm): .

3.6. (hazard): , .

. 1. "" (, , ) (, , , , ).

2. , :

- , (, , , , , , );

- , (, , / , , /).

 

3.7. (relevant hazard): , .

. 14121 [8].

 

3.8. (significant hazard): , .

3.9. (hazardous situation): , ; .

3.10. , (hazard zone, danger zone): , .

3.11. (risk): .

3.12. (residual risk): , (. 1).

. :

- , , ;

- , .

 

3.13. (risk assessment): , .

3.14. (risk analysis): , .

3.15. (risk estimation): , .

3.16. (risk evaluation): , .

3.17. (adequate risk reduction): .

. 5.5.

 

3.18. (protective measure): , :

- ( , , );

- ( , , ; ; ; ).

. 1.

3.19. (inherently safe design measure): , , , , .

. , , - 12100-2, 4.

 

3.20. (safeguarding): , , , .

. 12100-2 ( 5).

 

3.21. (information for use): , , , , , , , .

. - 12100-2, 6.

 

3.22. (intended use of machine): , .

3.23. (reasonably foreseeable misuse): , , .

3.24. (safeguard): .

3.25. (guard): , .

. 1. :

- ; , "" ( ) " " ( );

- ; .

2. , , , , , , .

3. , 12100-2, 5.3.2 14120 [7].

 

3.25.1. (fixed guard): , (, , , ) , .

3.25.2. (movable guard): , .

3.25.3. (adjustable guard): ( ), / () .

3.25.4. ( ) (interlocking guard): , , , :

- , ;

- "", ;

- , , , . .

. 14119 [6].

 

3.25.5. (interlocking guard with guard locking): , :

- , , ;

- , - ;

- , , , . .

. 14119.

 

3.25.6. (interlocking guard with a start function): , () () .

. , , 12100-2, 5.3.2.5.

 

3.26. (protective device): , , .

. 3.26.1 - 3.26.9.

 

3.26.1. , (interlocking device, interlock): , , ( , ).

3.26.2. (enabling device): , .

. 60204-1, 9.2.5.8 [9].

 

3.26.3. (hold-to-run device): , ; .

3.26.4. (two-hand control device): , , , , .

. , , 13851 [4].

 

3.26.5. [sensitive protective equipment (SPE)]: , . , , , ( ), .

3.26.6. (active optoelectronic protective device (AOPD)): , , () , .

. , , 61496-2 [10].

 

3.26.7. (mechanical restraint device): , (, , , , ), .

3.26.8. (limiting device): , , , , (, , , ..).

3.26.9. (limited movement control device): , - .

3.27. (impeding device): , , , , , , .

3.28. (safety function): , ().

3.29. , (unexpected start-up, unintended start-up): , , , :

- , ;

- , , ;

- ;

- / (, , , ).

. , . ( 12100-2, 5, 14118, 3.2 [5]).

 

3.30. , (failure to danger): , .

3.31. , (fault): , , , (, ).

. 1. , .

2. "", "" "" .

 

3.32. (failure): .

. 1. , .

2. , .

3. (. 191-04-01 [11]).

 

3.33. (common cause failures): , , .

. (. 191-04-23 [11]).

 

3.34. (common mode failure): , .

. , (. 191-04-24 [11]).

 

3.35. (emergency situation): , .

. :

- (, - );

- .

 

3.36. (emergency operation): , .

3.37. (emergency stop): , , .

.

. , , 13850 [3].

 

3.38. (emission value): , , (, , , , ).

. 1. , , .

2. " " " ", . .

3. , , .

 

3.39. (comparative emission data): .

. 11689 [2].

 

4. ,

 

4.1.

, , , , (. 5.3).

. , , 14121, [8].

 

4.2.

4.2.1. , , , , , , , :

- ;

- ;

- ;

- ;

- ;

- ;

- ;

- ;

- ( ).

4.2.2. , , ( , ), , , , :

- ( , , , );

- , , () ..;

- ( );

- ( , );

- ( );

- / ;

- , ;

- (), , ;

- .

4.3.

, . :

- , ( );

- , , ( );

- , , ;

- ;

- , ;

- ;

- .

( ) , .

4.4.

:

- - , , , , , ;

- - .

4.5.

:

- ( );

- ;

- , ;

- , , , ;

- , .

4.6.

( ) ( , ).

( ) ( , , , , ).

4.7. ,

, , (, ) (, ); , :

- (, , , );

- , ;

- ;

-



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